Danitza Márquez
PhD Candidate

Danitza L. Márquez Ramírez

University of Bonn
Bonn Center for Dependency and Slavery Studies
Research Associate in Research Area C
Institutions, Norms and Practices
Niebuhrstraße 5
D-53113 Bonn
Phone: +49 / (0)228 / 73 62451
dmarquez[at]uni-bonn.de


Research

Land Tenure and Asymmetrical Dependencies in Colonial Peru
The Agencies of an Indigenous Elite Family in the Longue Durée

In many areas of the pre-Hispanic Andes, the management of ressources was exercised by local chiefs to ensure their redistribution and facilitate wellness for their communities. Therefore, concepts such as "ownership" or "property" related to land tenure introduced by the European colonizers in the 16th century onwards caused major upheaval for the indigenous societies, since their "land rights" were only valid after Spanish legal acknowledgment. This recognition allowed individuals to exercise "ownership" and the access to agricultural and livestock regional markets and thus, economic profits, which consequently made them dependent on the lands they could usufruct.

Nevertheless, this dependency became "strongly asymmetrical" when the Spanish judicial authorities favored the interests of indigenous elites while undermining those of the indigenous commoners, whose condition within the Colonial system was defined in terms of tributary labour coercion. Through the life trajectory of indigenous elite families of northern Peru in the long-durée perspective (16th–18th centuries), my aim is to analyze long-lasting conflicts regarding land tenure and propose a comprehensive approach from the perspective of asymmetrical dependencies on natural resources and Spanish legal recognition.

Education

  • 2018–2022                 Ph.D. in Anthropology of the Americas, University of Bonn, Germany
  • 2016–2018                 M.A. in Anthropology of the Americas, University of Bonn, Germany
  • 2015                             Historian's Degree, Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, Peru
  • 2008–2012                  Bachelor in Social Sciences (focus on History), Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, Peru


Academic Positions

  • 2019–present             Research Associate in Research Area C Institutions, Norms and Practices, University of Bonn, Germany
  • 2018–2019                  Research Assistant, Institut für Archäologie und Kulturanthropologie, University of Bonn, Germany
  • 2016–2018                  Scholarship Holder, Katholischer Akademischer Ausländer-Dienst
  • 2011–2012                  Student Assistant, Department of History, Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, Peru
     

Participation in Centers, Scientific Associations, Collaborative Projects

  • 2019–present             Member of the Society for American Archaeology
  • 2019                             Curatorial Committee, Exhibition "1519–2019: Colonialism and Survival Strategies", University of Bonn,   Germany
  • 2010                             Organizational Committee, Conference "Primer Congreso Nacional de Estudiantes de Historia", Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, Peru
                             
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