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Ayesha Hussain, M.Phil. & M.Sc.

Doctoral Researcher


University of Bonn
Bonn Center for Dependency and Slavery Studies
"Gender (and Intersectionality)"
Niebuhrstraße 5
D-53113 Bonn
Phone: +49/ (0)228 / 180-599-32



Bonded Labor and Gender Discrimination in the Agriculture Sector in Pakistan

My research focuses on the debt bonded labor existing in the agriculture sector of rural Punjab in Pakistan. It focuses particularly on the gender roles and relations existing within the setup of debt bondage and specifically oppression and coercion faced by women. The whole system of debt bondage in agriculture has a pattern of asymmetrical dependencies of which women are the most effected. Therefore, this research tries to explore with the help of ethnographic study and using the framework of intersectionality, the role of multiple and intersecting axes of difference, including class, gender and caste, on different levels of discriminatory behavior with women within the debt bonded families.


  • 2019–2022         Ph.D. in Cultural Anthropology (South Asian Studies), University of Bonn, Germany
  • 2014–2017         M.B.A. in Corporate Social Responsibility and NGO Management
  • 2002–2005         MPhil in Anthropology, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • 1998–2000         MSc in Anthropology, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Academic Positions

  • 2019–present     Research Associate in Research Area "Gender and Intersectionality", University of Bonn, Germany
  • 2002–2003         Research Anthropologist, Population Council, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • 2000                   Research Assistant, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
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