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Danitza L. Márquez Ramírez, M.A.

Doctoral Researcher

Danitza L. Márquez Ramírez

University of Bonn
Bonn Center for Dependency and Slavery Studies
"Institutions, Norms and Practices"
Niebuhrstraße 5
D-53113 Bonn




Land Tenure and Asymmetrical Dependencies in Colonial Peru
The Agencies of an Indigenous Elite Family in the
Longue Durée

In many areas of the pre-Hispanic Andes, the management of ressources was exercised by local chiefs to ensure their redistribution and facilitate wellness for their communities. Therefore, concepts such as "ownership" or "property" related to land tenure introduced by the European colonizers in the 16th century onwards caused major upheaval for the indigenous societies, since their "land rights" were only valid after Spanish legal acknowledgment. This recognition allowed individuals to exercise "ownership" and the access to agricultural and livestock regional markets and thus, economic profits, which consequently made them dependent on the lands they could usufruct.

Nevertheless, this dependency became "strongly asymmetrical" when the Spanish judicial authorities favored the interests of indigenous elites while undermining those of the indigenous commoners, whose condition within the Colonial system was defined in terms of tributary labour coercion. Through the life trajectory of indigenous elite families of northern Peru in the long-durée perspective (16th–18th centuries), my aim is to analyze long-lasting conflicts regarding land tenure and propose a comprehensive approach from the perspective of asymmetrical dependencies on natural resources and Spanish legal recognition.


  • 2018–2022         Ph.D. in Anthropology of the Americas, University of Bonn, Germany
  • 2016–2018         M.A. in Anthropology of the Americas, University of Bonn, Germany
  • 2015                   Historian's Degree, Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, Peru
  • 2008–2012         Bachelor in Social Sciences (focus on History), Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, Peru

Academic Positions

  • 2019–present     Research Associate in Research Area "Institutions, Norms and Practices", University of Bonn, Germany
  • 2018–2019         Research Assistant, Institut für Archäologie und Kulturanthropologie, University of Bonn, Germany
  • 2016–2018         Scholarship Holder, Katholischer Akademischer Ausländer-Dienst
  • 2011–2012         Student Assistant, Department of History, Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, Peru

Participation in Centers, Scientific Associations, Collaborative Projects

  • 2019–present     Member of the Society for American Archaeology
  • 2019                   Curatorial Committee, Exhibition "1519–2019: Colonialism and Survival Strategies", University of Bonn,
  • 2010                   Organizational Committee, Conference "Primer Congreso Nacional de Estudiantes de Historia",
                               Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, Peru
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