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Dr. Mariana Armond Dias Paes

Researcher and Coordinator of Research Group "Law and the Creation of Dependency in the Ibero-Atlantic"

Mariana Armond Dias Paes

University of Bonn
Bonn Center for Dependency and Slavery Studies
"Law and the Creation of Dependency in the Ibero-Atlantic"

and

Max Planck Institute for European Legal History
Hansaallee 41
D-60323 Frankfurt am Main
diaspaes[at]rg.mpg.de

Research

An Ocean of Norms:
Dependency and Property in the Lusophone South Atlantic (1780s–1880s)

Portuguese expansion in the South Atlantic was characterized by a massive slave trade. But beyond commercial routes that allowed the transit of persons and goods across the Atlantic, there was also a wide circulation of habits, ideas and practices that articulated a shared Atlantic culture. Since law is a product of cultural practices, legal discourses also circulated in the ships that crossed the Ocean. It is thus possible to speak of a shared legal environment in the Lusophone South Atlantic and consequently also of a shared property law that shaped asymmetrical structures of dependencies in the various territories of the region. A shared legal knowledge was not restricted to bureaucratic personal or to lettered discourses. Thus legal categories and institutions formerly structured in a European ius commune framework acquired new meanings in the Lusophone South Atlantic through the agency of local populations and their dynamic interactions with Portuguese bureaucratic agents.

In my postdoctoral project, I will analyze how legal categories, norms and institutions of property law created asymmetrical structures of dependencies in the shared legal environment of the Lusophone South Atlantic. Specifically, I will examine property law institutions and categories that shaped slave and land property as well as the statuses of diverse groups of people in-between slavery and freedom between the 1780s and the 1880s. Over the course of this one-hundred-year period, the issue of slavery, lands and (coerced) labor were intrinsically related. Beyond the evident economic relation between them, law regulated the legal status of people, property and labor relations via the same set or norms and juridical principles. In the daily practice of legal conflict regulation, social tensions involving the status of persons and land property were translated into an analogous judicial language.

Education

  • 2018                   PhD in Law, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil, and Max-Planck-Institut für europäische Rechtsgeschichte
                               Frankfurt am Main, Germany, "Escravos e terras entre posses e títulos: a construção social do direito de
                               propriedade no Brasil (1835–1889)"
  • 2014                   M.A. in Law, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil, "Sujeitos da história, sujeitos de direitos: personalidade
                               jurídica no Brasil escravista (1860–1888)"
  • 2010                   B.A. in Law, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil, "Estatuto jurídico dos escravos na civilística
                               brasileira"

Academic Positions

  • 2019–present     Researcher and Coordinator of Research Group "Law and the Creation of Dependency in the Ibero-Atlantic",
                               University of Bonn, Germany
  • 2015                   Visiting Scholar Fellowship, Max-Planck-Institut für europäische Rechtsgeschichte Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • 2014                   Teaching Assistant, Seminários de Introdução ao Estudo do Direito I (first semestre Law School course),
                               Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil
  • 2013                   Visiting Scholar Fellowship to conduct research at the University of Michigan, USA, FAPESP Fundação
                               de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, Brazil
  • 2012                   Teaching Assistant, Seminários de Introdução ao Estudo do Direito I; Seminários de Introdução ao Estudo
                               do Direito II (first semestre Law School course), Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil
  • 2012–2014         M.A. Fellowship, FAPESP Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, Brazil
  • 2009–2010          Research Initiation Fellowship, FAPEMIG Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais, Brazil

Recent Publications 

  • Esclavos y tierras entre posesión y títulos: la construcción social del derecho de propiedad en Brasil (1835–1889). Under copy-editing for publication with "Global Perspectives on Legal History Series". Max-Planck-Institut für europäische Rechtsgeschichte, forthcoming.
  • Legal Files and Empires: Form and Materiality of the Benguela District Court Documents. In: Administory: Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsgeschichte, forthcoming.
  • Escravidão e direito: o estatuto jurídico dos escravos no Brasil oitocentista (1860–1888). São Paulo: Alameda 2019.
  • Terras em contenda: circulação e produção de normatividades em conflitos agrários no Brasil Império. In: Revista da Faculdade de Direito da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais 74 (2019), 379–406.
  • Legal Reasoning in a Slave Society (Brazil, 1860–1888). with Pedro Jimenez Cantisano. In: Law and History Review 36:3 (2018), 471–510.
  • L’histoire devant les tribunaux: la notion d’esclavage contemporain dans les décisions judiciaires brésiliennes. In: Brésil(s) – Sciences Humaines et Sociales 11 (2017), 1–25.
  • O procedimento de manutenção de liberdade no Brasil oitocentista. In: Studos Históricos 29 (2016), 339–360.
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