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Date: Nov 10, 2020

History and Memories of the Makua in Western Madagascar, 19th-20th Centuries Next Joseph C. Miller Memorial Lecture Series on November 16, 2020, by Klara Boyer-Rossol, CIRESC/URMIS

Next Joseph C. Miller Memorial Lecture Series on November 16, 2020, by Klara Boyer-Rossol, CIRESC/URMIS

My aim was to reconstruct the process of deportation and enslavement of East African captives who became "Makua" in Madagascar. They conducted a variety of group strategies, including on the issue of the return of the freed Makua to their countries of origin they situated in continental Africa. Their stigmatization finally highlights the limits of their social integration into West Sakalava society. The Makua appear to be the only descendants of slaves in Madagascar who were fully recognized as an ancestral group, having preserved and transmitted historical traditions and collective memories. One may wonder about the singularity of the Makua in the history of slavery in Madagascar.

Klara Boyer-Rossol holds a doctorate in African History. Her 2018 thesis, Entre les deux rives du Canal du Mozambique: Histoire et mémoires des Makoa de l’Ouest de Madagascar (XIXe – XXe siècles) (Between the Two Banks of the Mozambique Channel: History and Memories of the Makoa in Western Madagascar (Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries) was awarded the 2015–2016 Thesis Prize of the National Committee for the Memory and History of Slavery, France.

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