Prof. Dr. Paulo Cruz Terra

Guest Researcher

Bonn Center for Dependency and Slavery Studies
Heussallee 18–24
D-53113 Bonn

Department of History, Universidade Federal Fluminense
Rua Marcos Waldemar de Freitas s/n, bloco O, sala 440, Campus do Gragoatá
Niterói – CEP: 24210-201 

Prof. Dr. Paulo Cruz Terra.jpg
© Barbara Frommann

Academic Profile

Anti-vagrancy, Punishment and Labour Relations in the Context of the Abolition of Slavery in the Lusophone World (Rio de Janeiro, Luanda and Lourenço Marques, 1850–1910)

My project analyses how legislation, punishment and anti-vagrancy policy entangled with multiple labour relations during the process of the abolition of slavery. It centres on the period 1850–1910 and addresses the Lusophone world, with particular foci on Rio de Janeiro – capital of Brazil, which was part of the Portuguese Empire until 1822 – and two of the most important cities of the Portuguese Empire in Africa during this time frame: Lourenço Marques, in Mozambique, and Luanda, in Angola. The role of the Municipal Council and the interaction of its legal measures with legislation at the imperial and national levels lies at the centre of my research.

PhD in History, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, Brazil, Thesis: "Citizenship and Work: The Streetcar Workers in Rio de Janeiro (1870–1906)  Supervisor: Gladys Sabina Ribeiro

  MA in History, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, Brazil, Dissertation: "Are All the Transport Workers Black? Porters and Coachmen in Rio de Janeiro (1824–1870) Supervisor: Gladys Sabina Ribeiro

BA in History, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, BrazilAufklapp-Text

Professor at Universidade Federal Fluminense, Brazil Undergraduate classes at the History Department (2013–2016: Campos dos Goytacazes; 2016–present: Niterói) Graduate classes at History's Graduation Program (2016–present)

Visiting Researcher, Instituto de Ciências Sociais, University of Lisbon, Portugal

Scholarship of the Tutorial Education Program (PET), Ministry of Education (MEC), Brazil

Support Program for Events in the Country (PAEP), Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES), Brazil

Research Grant, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Brazil

Research Fellowship, General Secretariat of the Presidency, Brazil

Installation Assistance Grant Foundation Carlos Chagas Filho Research Support of the State of Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ), Brazil

Professor Afonso Carlos Marques dos Santos Prize
General Archive of Rio de Janeiro City (Arquivo Geral da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro) for PhD thesis

Sandwich Doctorate Scholarship, Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES), Brazil

Doctoral Scholarship, The National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), Brazil

Master Scholarship, The National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), Brazil

  • 2018–present: Free and Unfree Labour
    The conceptualisation of "free" and "unfree" labour and of the "free/unfree" labour divide has been the topic of lively scholarly debates in recent decades. The links between coercion and labour are not only crucial to our understanding of historical societies, but also speak to ongoing developments in the contemporary global economy. The Cost Action "Free and Unfree Labour" seeks to further the study of coerced labour by bringing together scholars who study all kind of labour relations and the unfreedom they entail – e.g. chattel slavery, wage labour, debt bondage, convict labour, indentured work, sharecropping, household labour, military impressment. etc.
    Coordinator: Juliane Schiel
    Members: Paulo Cruz Terra, Babacar Fall, Christian De Vito, Jeannine Bischoff, Joseph C. Miller, Mathias van Rossum 
  • 2014–2018: Labour Relations in Brazil (1800–2000)
    This project aims to quantify and qualitatively analyse the labour relations not only in recent Brazil but in a broader frame, that is, between the beginning of the 19th century and the end of the 20th century.
    Coordinator: Marcelo Badaró Mattos
    Members: Paulo Cruz Terra, Kênia Miranda e Demian Melo
    Funding: The National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq)
  • 2013–2015: Workers and the City: The Legislation of the City Council of Rio de Janeiro Regarding Work (1822–1889)
    The present project aims to analyse how the issue of labour and workers appeared in the legislation of the City Hall of Rio de Janeiro, during the Imperial period (1822–1889). It seeks to investigate which occupations were indicated on the legislation, the distinctions established between enslaved and free workers, as well as how the Council tried to regulate and control the work in the city.
    Coordinator: Paulo Cruz Terra
    Funding: Foundation Carlos Chagas Filho Research Support of the State of Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ)
  • 2013–2015: Labour Relations in Portugal and the Lusophone World 1800–2000: Continuity and Change
    This project aims at quantifying, analysing and understanding labour relations in Portugal and in the Lusophone world in the contemporary period, pointing out how labour and industrial relations have been modified and adapted to the social, economic and political evolution of Portugal and the Lusophone world over the last two centuries.
    Coordinator: Raquel Varela
    Members: Paulo Cruz Terra, Cátia Teixeira, Filipa da Silva, Paulo Cruz Terra, Paulo Teodoro de Matos, Sónia Ferreira, Tarcísio Botelho
    Funding: Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT)
  • 2013–2014: Social Movements and the Public Sphere Impacts and Challenges of Civil Society Participation in the Formulation and Implementation of Governmental Policies
    This project seeks to understand the recent transformations of Brazilian social movements and to reflect on the differences in composition, temporal rhythms and specific repertoires of each movement, taking into account also the processes of historical formation of a differentiated range of movements, such as the trade unions and identity movements of black people, indigenous people, women, homosexuals, etc.
    Coordinator: José Sergio Leite Lopes
    Members: Paulo Cruz Terra, Beatriz Herédia, José Ricardo Ramalho, Regina Novaes, Sonia Giacomini, et alli.
    Funding: General Secretariat of the Presidency
  • 2011–present:  Global Collaboratory on the History of Labour Relations in the period 1500–2000
    The International Institute of Social History is working on a Global Collaboratory on the History of Labour Relations in the period 1500–2000. In this project we want to make an inventory of all types of labour relations worldwide, varying from slavery, indentured labour and share cropping, to free wage labour and self-employment from 1500 up until today. Our aim is first to gather statistical data on the occurrence of all types of labour relations in all parts of the world during five cross-sections in time, i.e. 1500, 1650, 1800, 1900 and 2000.
    Coordinators: Karin Hofmeester, Jan Lucassen
    Members: Paulo Cruz Terra, Andreas Eckert, Babacar Fall, Christine Moll-Murata, Raquel Varela, Stefano Bellucci, et alli.
    Funding: Gerda Henkel Stiftung

Control of the City's Workers: Municipal Law and the Free and Unfree Labour in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (1830–1838): II European Labour History Network Conference, Université de Paris VII, Paris, November 2017
Trabalho livre e não-livre na produção recente da história social do trabalho brasileira: perspectivas e desafios: I Congreso Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Trabajo y Trabajadores, Museo Nacional de Etnografía y Folklore, La Paz, Bolívia, May 2017
Brazilian Labour Relations in XXI Century: 10th European Social Science History Conference, Vienna University, May 2014.

6 Bachelor and 3 ongoing Master theses

Summer Academy: Working Lives in Global History
Organized by re:work, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, took place in Noida, India

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